" Injured Knee Massacre”
May two, 2010
In 1848 several gold and silver discoveries signaled the first severe interest by white settlers in the dry and semiarid lands past the Mississippi, where various Indian nations around the world had been required to migrate. To open more land, federal officials introduced in 1851 an insurance policy of " concentration. ” Tribes were pressured into signing treaties limiting the boundaries of their hunting grounds to " reservations” The Sioux tribe was limited to the Dakotas. The treaties that believed the Indians provisions probably would not follow through; area hungry leaders broke guarantees of the authorities by squatting on Indian lands after which demanded federal government protection. The federal government in turn required more constraints on the Indians. This cycle of busted promises was repeated till a full-scale war between whites and Indians raged in the west. (U. S. A Narrative Background, 2009)
By mid-1880's there have been some one hundred and eighty reservations in the west, containing roughly 240, 500 American Indians. Among the previous to be enclosed were the Sioux, who also fought fiercely to keep their freedom. On the other hand, a treaty in 1889 created 6 small concerns in the Dakotas: Pine Ridge, Rosebud, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Reduce Brule, and Standing Ordinary. The Habile tribe endured crop failures in the summers of 1889 and 1890. White settlers were killing all the bison, plus pandemic of sickness, brought bitterness and low income to the Sioux, who were fresh for any perspective promising them relief. (U. S. A Narrative Record, 2009) (Stanley I. Kutler, 2003)
In 1890 a spiritual revival spread when term came from the Nevada wasteland that a very humble Paiute named Wovoka got received facts from the Wonderful Spirit. Wovoka preached that if his followers implemented his magical rituals and lived together in love and harmony, the American indian dead could rise, whites would be powered from the area, and game would be solid again. Because the rituals spread, alarmed settlers referred to as the...
Bibliography: James Davidson, B. Deb. (2009). U. S. A Narrative History. New York: McGraw Hill Comapanies Inc.
Stanley I. Kutler, E. (2003). Dictionary of yankee History, Third Edition. Ny: The Gale Group, Inc.